Purpose: The purpose of the study is to compare the self reporting gun accessibility and attitudes towards violence for 10-24 year old ED patients who came to the ED with a violence related injury to those who did not have a violence related injury.
Methods: This study was a convenience sample in an inner city level one trauma center. A 28-item questionnaire consisting validated surveys of a short gun questionnaire, NYC Youth Violence Survey, and the SAGE Baseline survey which was given to 100 victims of violence and 101 patients seen for non-violent relate problems. The study was IRB approved.
Results: Those with violence related injuries did not have a higher rate of gun accessibility. They did show a difference in their attitudes towards guns. The subjects who came into the ED with violence injuries felt that having a weapon is a way to avoid a fight (F=4.68, p=.032). They were more likely to have grabbed, or shoved someone in the last 6 months (F=5.18, p=.025), punched someone in the last 6 months (F=11.9, p=.011), and have been seen in the ED within the last six months for a injury related to being punched, attacked or shot (F= 117 p= .00), as compared to those with non violence related injuries.
Conclusions: There was no difference between the two groups in terms of their being victims of violence and the rate of gun accessibility. There was a difference in relationship to their attitudes towards guns.